(Last Updated On: December 19, 2019)

 

Do you drink pure concentrated alcohol regularly? What is the feeling after drinking it? Do you feel dizzy, hyper? If so, then you must have drunk ethanol? Ethanol is a psychoactive chemical compound that is volatile, colorless liquid, and causes intoxication in liquor. It has a unique formula that contains the hydroxyl groups and, ethyl group. The liquid is flammable, and it has a chemical formula of (C2H50H). Ethanol comes from the fermentation of starch products such as barley, corn, potatoes, and sugar crops. You can choose to produce the chemical using local techniques and also using the industrialized methods. The compound has the antiseptic and disinfectant property that gives it high possibilities of usage in the extraction of different substances.

The cannabis plant contains several vital components that can be used for medicinal and recreational purposes. The cannabis plant is green, and this subjects you to maintaining the green coloring matter to give the extract the best outlook. For the starters, one should know the basics about when to harvest cannabis ?. By harvesting it carefully, one can get high-quality cannabis easily for further extraction. Some of the extracts from the plant include the vape oil, hash, tinctures, CBD oil, and dabs. With increased production and quality extraction levels, you can choose to vape the products rather than smoking them. Better the quality of strain, better would be the concentrates extracts also. So make sure you buy from a well-known brand like weedsmart only. The use of ethanol as the extraction agent increases the level of purity of these products, and this makes them safe for consumption. Below are some of the properties that make ethanol fit for the extraction of cannabis.

Low risk of acute toxicity

Food and drug administration performed a thorough analysis of this chemical. It suggested that it is safe for usage during the extraction of pharmaceutical products as well as cannabis products such as CBD. The reschedule of CBD oil from level one to level five is making it easy for researchers to study the products, and this calls for more production. The production can take place to the THC rich plants for extraction. For the production of safe cannabis products, using ethanol, filtration, and removal of impurities must take place.

You should note that every component contains some level of bacterial contamination, and it is wise to classify the plants obtained from  autoflower seeds into this group to avoid putting users at risk. Ethanol has the antiseptic effect that destroys unwanted bacteria that can be present in the plant. The solution gets into the inner tissues of cannabis leaves and acts on the bacteria present. The chemical destroys the bacteria, fungi, and viruses in the plant by denaturing their proteins and dissolving the lipids. The ability to disrupt the osmotic pressure enables the product to kill microbes present in the plant before package during extraction and manufacturing process.

High level of solubility

Ethanol contains a nonpolar carbon chain and a hydroxyl group; water is polar, and it is likely to attract the OH group. Non-polar carbon, on the other hand, faces repulsion. The level of solubility of this component depends on the two forces of attraction and repulsion between the polar and nonpolar regions. The high strength of attraction makes the ethanol highly dissolvable in water, making it work effectively during the extraction of cannabis products from the plant. Studies show that the solubility of ethanol is miscible.

Solubility enhances the quick separation of cannabis plant products from the word go. The use of solid-phase extraction provides different information such as density, which can separate the suspended components on the surface of the liquid assist in having pure extracts. Under supercooled conditions and at room temperature (25), solvent extraction can take place to produce terpenes and cannabinoids. 

The solid phase retains components at the mobile and stationary phases, and this separates mixtures from the undesired to the desired. The solution from the products does not need the winterization to get rid of chlorophyll as it gives the coloration of cannabis.

Low melting and boiling points

Boiling points and melting points are two properties that put ethanol at a higher chance of application as an extraction agent for the marijuana plant. The boiling point is the temperature at which the liquid turns to vapor, depending on the surrounding temperature. The melting point, on the other hand, is the temperature at which a solid substance changes its state from solid to liquid. You need to know that the two properties assist during the extraction of cannabis because of the solid nature of leaves and the transition that takes place from solid to vapor. The boiling point for ethanol is 173.1, and the melting point is -173.5.

CBD compound has roughly (160-180) C. The difference in temperature between the cannabinoids makes the extraction easy. The first product to melt usually forms the residue, which condenses quickly upon reaching the maximum melting temperature. You should subject the leaf sample to a higher temperature after crushing, and this makes it dissolve to form the liquid-like product that further undergoes boiling. During boiling, you should set the extraction machine to a given temperature that favors the extraction of specific marijuana compounds from the leaves. The uniform exposure to heat ensures fractionation takes place effectively for the collection of pure liquid as the end product, which comes after the centrifugal partitioning chromatography.

Cost-effective production

The production process of this chemical is easy because of the abundance of starch products such as corn. With good standard operating procedures, you can achieve a high yield of ethanol. Industries and manufacturing agencies do not need to discard ethanol after an extraction. You can recycle the chemical for different extraction processes. You are likely to discard the chemical if it has impurities and dirt that makes it change its color. The discoloration from colorless to any other color may occur when you fail to follow the right steps for extraction. 

Sometimes the failure to follow the right steps may lead to unusual odor. The cannabis plant is green in color because of the presence of chlorophyll. Studies show that ethanol can bypass the lipids and chlorophyll in plants and avoid contamination and discoloration. According to the FDA, the residue test for you to re-use the ethanol should be 180ppm. When it comes to inhalation, the residue test should not exceed 16,000ppm. The rates indicate the threshold to use to affirm the re-use capability of that particular ethanol.

Conclusion

With the highlights above, you should pick ethanol to facilitate the easy extraction process. With low levels of toxicity and cost-effectiveness, you may end up producing quality CBD and THC products and render them to your customers. You can choose to produce ethanol using starch products, and it may enhance the quantity of extraction of marijuana plant products such as twisted extracts.

 

Written by Kathy Cooley